Let us see What are the types of civil engineer jobs and what does a civil engineer do on a daily basis and his various roles and general job outlook in 2021 are explained below. The major civil engineering duties that a civil engineer does on daily basis are as below and also let us see duties of civil Engineer. In Addition, one of these is taken up right after obtaining civil engineering degree.
- Geo-technical Engineer
- Structural Engineer
- Site Engineer
- Quantity surveyor
First types of Civil engineering jobs is Geo-Technical Engineer
Civil Engineers who show interests in subjects like soil mechanics can get into geo-technical field where they study the behavior of soil.
Moreover,civil Engineers also estimate the soil bearing capacity for construction of structures above these soils and give suggestions regarding type of foundation open, Raft , Pile foundation, Soldier piles. etc.
Some other aspects geo-technical engineers look after are earthen dams, slope stability, RE walls, Slope protection measures, Vet the Soil Report prepared as per the soil tests conducted at site.
The Geo-technical engineers also have a role in Underground tunnels, Diaphragm walls where suggestions for deep excavations, ground improvement techniques helps in consideration of proper soil and another aspect is to analyse the results from softwares like Plaxis, SlopeW etc helps in career progression.
Second Types of Civil engineer jobs is Structural Engineer
A civil engineer who takes up his role as Structural engineer is responsible for the structural stability of
- Industrial structures
- Infrastructures related structures like Dams, bridges etc.
- Oil and gas plant structures like Pipe racks, tower foundations
- Offshore structures like platforms, rigs etc.,
- Power plant structures like Turbine buildings, Boilers, Conveyor galleries,trestles, pump houses, chimneys, cooling towers.
- Environment related structures like water treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, Rain water harvesting schemes.
As a Structural Civil Engineer the responsibility includes
- Analyse and design a structures using softwares like staad pro.
- Should have good understanding of Various Loads on structure.
- Through understanding of Wind Loads, Seismic loads, Snow loads, Dead and live Loads etc.
- The behavior of structure when the loads are applied and how the load transfer takes place. Also, Should be able to draw Shear force and bending Moment diagrams,
- Provide the steel as required in the design.
- Ensure safe and optimized design as per codal provisions.
- Knowledge of softwares like Staad, Etabs, SAP, Ansys shall be added advantage.
- It is the duty of Civil structural engineer to ensure Civil and structural drawings are prepared neatly and site engineers, Owner, consultants are able to understand the drawings correctly.
- Construction notes and any special precautions shall be clearly indicated in the design drawings.
What does Civil Engineer on site do on daily basis
Knowledge of Site execution is very important. One can become a site engineer, project engineer , planning engineer, Stores manager, Supply chain, project coordinator to name a few.
In brief, Various Duties and Responsibilities of Civil Site engineer are as below
- The first and foremost is to read and understand the Release for or Good for construction drawings thoroughly.
- Perform safety talk before any activity at site to ensure safety of workers and precautions should be taken at site as these are the main responsibilities of civil site engineer and without fail First-aid kit shall be kept handy.
- If in doubt shall ask the structural engineer and not assume anything.
- Keep log book of all the Reinforcement steel, Concrete, Structural steel consumed at site.
- Track of all the man hours utilized at site.
- Effective utilization of man hours .
- Knowledge of Primavera and Ms projects forms basis for planning and moreover it is added advantage.
- Register containing Bill of Quantities, Concrete Poured, Manpower shall be maintained accurately.
- Vet the Vendor bills as per the actual supply to site.
- Proper disposal methodology of waste and scrap material should be in place.
- Report to Project manager or site in charge on daily basis of all the day to day activity of site.
- Moreover, Log Book contains test results for sand, Silt check, Slump check, concrete workability and cube testing.
- or site report or monthly progress report card.
What does a Designer Civil Engineer do on daily basis
A civil engineer can learn softwares such as Autocad, Revit, Tekla and become designers, BIM modellers who actually make drawings in 2d or 3d as required.
To begin with, Designers play very important role as they are the ones who prepare the drawings. Generally, Some of the main duties of designers are
- Ensure the drawings are in proper scale as per the standards.
- The line difference between dimension line and drawing line shall be taken care.
- No dimensions should overlap.
- Cloud marks or revisions marks shall be in proper location and highlighted.
- Name of the client, contractor,consultants, Designer, reviewer and approving authority etc shall be written correctly.
- In drawing, line thickness, notes, reference drawings etc should be indicated. Above all, All drawings should be readable.
- Documentation and storage of drawings as per revision marks is useful for better retrieving of drawings when required.
- Clear indication of true north and construction north is very important.
- Wherever there is scale change for example- blowout details, the same shall be marked clearly.
Another Major Types of Civil Engineering Jobs is QUANTITY SURVEYOR
In this case, Quantitity Surveyor estimates the cost for various construction activities. Also, this includes Manpower requirement, material costs, testing costs, specialised requirements, design costs etc. Technical and commercial bids should comply with all the project tender scope of works.
Also, the cost of materials or quantities depends completely on local markets. Most importantly, the type of foundation systems effects the pricing . This results in cost and price difference say for example there is huge difference in price between open foundation and pile foundations costs.
Specification for finishing like plastering, painting ,no of coats, thickness of coats and any special type of finishing should be in detail, whereas Excavation quantities, Disposal requirement and reuse specifications shall be listed separately.
In a project, Quantity surveyor estimates the Bill of quantities. During various stages including tendering , design and construction and Various costs related to construction materials, machinery, site Mobilisation shall be compared before and during the project which gives the clear idea if the project is in profit or loss. The assumptions during estimation should indicate clearly for competitive costing and bidding.
In addition to above Good communication skills, basic knowledge of MS office tools are very much important. some other civil engineering roles are here
In addition to Types of Civil engineering jobs find below are some civil engineering interview questions and answers commonly asked in interviews.